Days 101 & 102 of 164 Days Around the World Cruise
Istanbul, located in Turkey, is one of the most historically and culturally significant cities in the world. It is a city that bridges Europe and Asia and has been the capital of three great empires – the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, and the Ottoman Empire. The city has a rich history and is home to several architectural marvels that draw tourists from all over the world.
The Blue Mosque, also known as the Sultan Ahmed Mosque, is a magnificent mosque located in Istanbul. It was built in the early 17th century during the reign of Sultan Ahmed I. The mosque is famous for its blue-tiled interior, which gives it its name. The exterior is equally impressive, with six towering minarets and a cascade of domes. The Blue Mosque is one of the most visited tourist attractions in Istanbul and is an important symbol of the city's history.
The Basilica Cistern, also known as the Yerebatan Sarnici, is an underground chamber that was built in the 6th century during the Byzantine Empire. It was used to store water for the city and could hold up to 80,000 cubic meters of water. The cistern is supported by 336 columns, each 9 meters tall, and is known for its unique Medusa heads that are used as the base of two of the columns.
Topkapi Palace, located in Istanbul, was the residence of the Ottoman Sultans for over 400 years. It was built in the 15th century and was home to the Ottoman Empire until the mid-19th century. The palace is a sprawling complex with four courtyards, each with its own unique function. The palace is famous for its Harem, a secluded area of the palace where the Sultan's family and concubines lived.
In conclusion, Istanbul is a city with a rich history and culture that is evident in its architecture and landmarks. The Blue Mosque, Basilica Cistern, and Topkapi Palace are just a few of the many iconic landmarks that make Istanbul a must-visit destination for anyone interested in history, architecture, and culture.